How To Become A Textile Designer After The 12th?

How To Become A Textile Designer After The 12th?

Textile Design is a professional specialisation involving development of concepts, formulating ideas and designing of fabrics including woven & non-woven, knitted, dyed, printed & embroidered in varied colours, patterns and textures in accordance with the understanding gained from research on people’s preference, ensuing fashion trends, market dynamics, socio cultural factors etc. Textile designers conceptualize surface design as well as structural design of fabric that are being utilized for Fashion fabrics, Automotive fabrics, Interiors-upholstery, soft furnishings, and carpets. He works with both natural and man-made fibres and experiments with apt colour blends, textures, patterns & hues in order to identify the right mix of fabrics. Besides this, he crafts design samples as well as prototypes.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • The eligible student must have passed class 12th from a recognised board and that too in any discipline.
  • This eligible student have to clear an entrance test followed by group discussion and interview round. 

Textile design courses: Students must enrol in a college that offers:

Processes: Textile Design Course must equip students with competencies in use of varied textile processes and techniques such as:

  • Constructed textiles like stitched, knitted, woven etc. 
  • Digital textiles for use in interiors or fashion
  • Mixed media textiles

These skills will facilitate efficient utilization of resources as well as efficiency in production processes. Moreover, attention to details will also help in developing of unique sublime designs.  

Latest Technology: The college must have a studio that will facilitate in mentoring students in applying of latest technologies like AI ML, CAD, CLO 3D etc. Furthermore, it will hone their technical skills in developing intricate designs along with detailing & pattern cutting, etc. 

Classification of textiles: The curriculum must offer proficiencies in core design skills along with promoting sustainable design solutions. Students must also gain comprehensive understanding about different types of Textiles such as:

  • Natural Fibres
    • Plant Based: These fabrics are environmentally friendly. Eg: Cotton, Coir, Abaca or Manila hemp, Linen etc. 
    • Animal Based: These fibres are usually derived from animal’s skin or fur. The very soft ones are obtained from goats, sheep, rabbits and camels, while those from pigs, horses, cows etc. are of less soft variety. These are knitted or woven to create coats, blazers or jackets.
  •  Man-made fibre: The manufacturing process involved in man-made fibres damages the environment for it uses toxic materials. Types are as follows:   
  • Cellulosic fibres: The fibres extracted from cellulose in woody plants is amalgamated with caustic soda and carbon disulphide which are then processed in spinneret to develop these fibres.
  • Semi- Synthetic fibres: Chemically processing of the natural material is utilized to develop these fibres. Eg: Triacetate, Acetate & Promix etc.
    • Synthetic Fibres: Being cheaper, it is in great demand and is created using chemical processes incorporating gas, water, petroleum & alcohol.
  • Networking & Communication Skills: The college must equip students with skills in communication, presentation & negotiation besides honing their skills to collaborate with different teams and departments as well as managing stakeholders. 
  • Research & Analysis: The curriculum must mentor students with the capability of researching, interpreting & evaluating materials, processes & techniques including traditional & modern, tools, market dynamics and fashion trends etc. Besides this students must develop understanding of end customer, their preferences & tastes along with socio-cultural factors impacting designs and the kind of fabrics being utilized. The students must be inspired to attend fashion shows, meet fashion designers to comprehend designs as well as ways to predict trends.